John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. [80] When Governor Willis A. Gorman of the Minnesota Territory thwarted an attempt by Breckinridge's fellow investors (not including Breckinridge) to secure approval of a railroad connecting Dubuque, Iowa, with their investments near Superior, Wisconsin, they petitioned Pierce to remove Gorman and appoint Breckinridge in his place. "[154], His strengths included a reputation for dignity and integrity, and especially his tall, graceful and handsome appearance, with cordial manner, pleasing voice and eloquent address that was highly appreciated by voters, soldiers, and women alike. A third party, the Constitutional Union Party, nominated John Bell. John Cabell Breckinridge (Lexington (Kentucky), 16 januari 1821 - aldaar, 17 mei 1875) was een Amerikaans politicus, militair en vicepresident.. Afkomstig uit Kentucky vestigde Breckinridge er zich als advocaat en diende tijdens de Mexicaans-Amerikaanse oorlog van 1848.Hij was voor zijn thuisstaat lid van het Huis van Afgevaardigden tussen 1851 en 1855. But certainly Americans no longer trust their political system, as evidenced by the unholy fiasco of the last presidential election. Kentuckyt képviselte a Kongresszusban és a szenátusban is és 1857-től 1861-ig ő lett az Amerikai Egyesült Államok valaha megválasztott legfiatalabb alelnöke. [104] As the candidate of the Buchanan faction, Breckinridge outpolled Douglas in Pennsylvania and received support comparable to Douglas in Connecticut, although he received very little support elsewhere in the North. [194] James Beck, Breckinridge's old law partner, was then in Congress and wrote to him on December 11, 1868, that it appeared likely that Johnson would issue a general pardon for all former Confederates; he advised Breckinridge to return to the U.S. prior to the pardon being issued because he feared it might only apply to those in the country. [190], Desiring to return to the U.S. but still fearing capture, Breckinridge moved his family back to Niagara in June 1868. [88] When Breckinridge and Buchanan endorsed the Lecompton Constitution, which would have admitted Kansas as a slave state instead of allowing the people to vote, they managed to alienate most Northern Democrats, including Douglas. Later, he became the presidential candidate in the 1860 election, after the Democratic Party split into three factions. He served as a U.S. Representative and U.S. What was john breckinridge have a campaign slogan? [187] With this more seaworthy craft, they decided to flee to Cuba. [23] Gaining confidence in his ability as a lawyer, Breckinridge moved his family back to Lexington in 1845 and formed a partnership with future U.S. In 1859, a year before his term as Vice President was to expire; he was elected to the U.S. Senate. [75] Grateful for the support of the reliably Democratic county, he gave his son John Witherspoon Breckinridge the nickname "Owen". [201], Breckinridge's other railroad ventures were less successful. [45] Unable to break the deadlock, he withdrew from the race, and the position went to Whig Thomas Reilly. Breckinridge was the convention's final choice. [84], Unlike many political nominees of his time, Breckinridge actively campaigned for his and Buchanan's election. [135][136], Later that month, Breckinridge served as an independent commander in the lower Mississippi Valley, securing Confederate control of the area by taking Port Hudson, which helped halt the federal advance down the Mississippi River. [118] He condemned as unconstitutional Lincoln's enlistment and arming of men for a war Congress had not officially declared, his expending funds for the war that had not been allocated by Congress, and his suspension of the writ of habeas corpus. Gen. George Crook. [176] Arriving in Greensboro on April 13, he advised the cabinet that the remaining Confederate armies should be surrendered; only Davis and Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin disagreed. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? That John Cabell Breckinridge became a political force was not surprising. [88] Relations between the two were further strained when, upon asking for a private interview with Buchanan, Breckinridge was told to come to the White House and ask for Harriet Lane, who acted as the mansion's host for the unmarried president. But I infinitely prefer to see a peaceful separation of these States than to see endless, aimless, devastating war, at the end of which I see the grave of public liberty and of personal freedom." [97], Among Breckinridge's supporters at the 1860 Democratic National Convention in Charleston, South Carolina, were several prominent Kentuckians. [29] Owsley's advisors encouraged the Whig governor to commission at least one Democrat, and Whig Senator John J. Crittenden supported Breckinridge's application. The fourth of six children born to Joseph "Cabell" and Mary Clay (Smith) Breckinridge, he was their only son. [112][113] The congressional session ended on March 28, and in an April 2 address to the Kentucky General Assembly, he continued to advocate peaceful reconciliation of the states and proposed a conference of border states to seek a solution. John Cabell Breckinridge graduated in 1838 at Centre College, Danville, Kentucky, continued his studies at Princeton, and then studied law at Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky. "[191][192] The family moved to Niagara in May. [67] Although Pierce lost Kentucky by 3,200 votes, Breckinridge wielded more influence with him than he had with outgoing Whig President Millard Fillmore. [141] By January 2, a Union division under Brigadier General Horatio P. Van Cleve had taken a ridge that ran along the river; against Breckinridge's advice, Bragg ordered his division to launch a near-suicidal attack on the federal position. One anecdote holds that, as he rode among the survivors, he cried out repeatedly, "My poor Orphans! [30] On September 6, 1847, Owsley appointed Manlius V. Thomson as colonel, Thomas Crittenden as lieutenant colonel and Breckinridge as major of the Third Kentucky Infantry Regiment. Van Dorn was reluctant to lose command of Breckinridge and his men, and by the time he relented on October 15, Bragg was already retreating from the state after being defeated at the Battle of Perryville. In the Second Battle, which occurred on July 24, 13,000 Confederate troops commanded by Lt. Gen. Jubal Early attacked and defeated 10,000 Federal troops under the command of Brig. [64] The attacks came from the pages of George Nicholas Sanders's Democratic Review, and on the House floor from several men, nearly all of whom supported Stephen Douglas for the nomination. Breckinridge and his division of 7,000 men met Bragg at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. "[118][123] He was indicted for treason in U.S. federal district court in Frankfort on November 6, 1861, having officially enlisted in the Confederate army days earlier. He served in the state legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky before being elected to the U.S. Senate and appointed United States Attorney General during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. 41 relaties. [83] A delegate from Louisiana placed his name before the convention, and although Breckinridge desired the nomination, he declined, citing his deference to fellow Kentuckian and former House Speaker Linn Boyd, who was supported by the Kentucky delegation. [172] In the process, he ensured that the Confederate archives, both government and military, were captured intact by the Union forces, ensuring that a full account of the Confederate war effort would be preserved for history. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1851, he allied with Stephen A. Douglas in support of the Kansas–Nebraska Act. [142][145][148] Breckinridge asserted to his superiors that Bragg's report "fails ... to do justice to the behavior of my Division"; he requested a court of inquiry, but the request was denied. [67] Due to his increased seniority, he was assigned to the more prestigious Ways and Means Committee, but he was not given a committee chairmanship as many had expected. [66] The eulogy enhanced his popularity and solidified his position as Clay's political heir apparent. John breckinridge s campaign slogan - Test Page for the SSL/TLS. In just over an hour, nearly one-third of Breckinridge's troops were killed, wounded, or captured. Breckinridge was given a commission as a major (a mid-level officer) and mostly served as a staff offic… [101] The protesting delegates convened five days later in Baltimore. What was John Breckinridge campaign slogan in 1860? 1 decade ago. [87] Thirty-six years old at the time of his inauguration on March 4, 1857, Breckinridge was the youngest vice president in U.S. history, exceeding the minimum age required under the Constitution by only a year. [102] Despite concerns about the breakup of the party, Breckinridge accepted the nomination. [26][200] Officials in Louisville tried to block the move, which would break the near-monopoly that the Louisville and Nashville Railroad had on southern trade. [53] His only concern with the document was its lack of an amendment process. John Cabell Breckinridge was born at Thorn Hill, his family's estate near Lexington, Kentucky on January 16, 1821. John Breckinridge was born August 6, 1903 into a wealthy family and descended from former U.S. Vice President John C. Breckinridge. [204], Breckinridge refused all requests – including one made by President Ulysses S. Grant – to return to politics, insisting, "I no more feel the political excitements that marked the scenes of my former years than if I were an extinct volcano. [39] In the 1848 presidential election, he backed the unsuccessful Democratic ticket of Lewis Cass and William Butler. After the Civil War, the name was changed once again to Camp Grant. Democrats wanted to nominate him for re-election, but he declined, citing problems "of a private and imperative character". John Breckinridge Castleman was born on 1841-06-30. [62] He also campaigned for the election of Democrat Franklin Pierce as president. In August 1868, he became manager of the Kentucky branch of Virginia's Piedmont Life Insurance Company (which soon became the Piedmont and Arlington Insurance Company). [48] Cutting, who had not intended his initial remark as a challenge, believed that Breckinridge's naming of terms constituted a challenge; he chose to use pistols at a distance of 10 paces. [26] During the first ten days of September 1856, he spoke in Hamilton and Cincinnati in Ohio; Lafayette and Indianapolis in Indiana; Kalamazoo, Michigan; Covington, Kentucky; and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. John C. Breckinridge was born at Thorn Hill, his family's estate near Lexington, Kentucky, on January 16, 1821. [96], Early in 1859, Senator James Henry Hammond of South Carolina reported to a friend that Breckinridge was seeking the Democratic presidential nomination, but as late as January 1860, Breckinridge told family members that he had no desire for the nomination. Hamlin, in turn, swore in the newly elected senators, including Breckinridge. He was appointed Confederate secretary of war in 1865. [26], Although John Crittenden's Senate term did not expire until 1861, the Kentucky General Assembly met to choose his successor in 1859. [179] Breckinridge's party arrived in Washington on May 4 and, after paying out several requisitions from the treasury, deposited the rest in banks there. He was the progenitor of the Breckinridge political family. [142] He protested Bragg's "military murder" and was barely able to prevent open mutiny by his Kentucky soldiers. Herschel V. Johnson, a former governor of Georgia who supported both states' rights and unionism, was named to the second spot on the ticket. Fellow Confederate George M. Edgar, describing Breckinridge's performance, wrote: General Breckinridge had few if any superiors on the field of battle. After Bragg charged that Breckinridge's drunkenness had contributed to defeats at Stone River and Missionary Ridge, and after Breckinridge joined many other high-ranking officers in criticizing Bragg, he was transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department, where he won his most significant victory in the 1864 Battle of New Market. "[110] He endorsed Crittenden's proposed compromise, a collection of constitutional amendments designed to avert secession and appease the South. [35] In response, a bipartisan group of pro-slavery citizens organized its own slate of candidates, including Breckinridge for one of Fayette County's two seats in the House of Representatives. He was hailed as the personification of Kentucky chivalry. [195][196] Although he resided in Kentucky for the rest of his life, he never bought a home there after the war, living first in hotels and then renting a home on West Second Street. Finally restocked with ammunition after three days, Breckinridge was able to drive Stoneman – whose men were now short of ammunition themselves – out of the area. what was john bell's campaign slogan? It was Breckinridge's duty as vice president to announce Lincoln as the winner of the electoral college vote on February 13, 1861. [88][95] Resistance in some form, he predicted, would eventually be necessary. After Southern Democrats walked out of the 1860 Democratic National Convention, the party's northern and southern factions held rival conventions in Baltimore that nominated Douglas and Breckinridge, respectively, for president. From mid-1866 to early 1868, Breckinridge toured Europe – including visits to Germany, Austria, Turkey, Greece, Syria, Egypt, and the Holy Land; because of her poor health, his wife remained in France until February 1868, when she joined him in Naples, Italy. The 1860 United States presidential election was the 19th quadrennial presidential election.It was held on November 6, 1860.In a four-way contest, the Republican Party ticket of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin emerged triumphant. [115] Breckinridge recommended that Governor Beriah Magoffin call a sovereignty convention to determine whether Kentucky would side with the Union or the Confederacy. [65] After this controversy, he was more active in the chamber's debates but introduced few significant pieces of legislation. No, the 1860 election was notable because it … [60], Supporters promoted Breckinridge for Speaker of the House, but he refused to allow his own nomination and voted with the majority to elect fellow Kentuckian Linn Boyd. [184] On May 15, 1865, in Madison, Florida, he was joined by fellow fugitive John Taylor Wood, who had been a captain in the Confederate Navy. [117] Breckinridge did not support this recommendation, but he agreed to abide by it once it was approved by the legislature. [151] His son, Cabell, was captured in the battle. [131] Still in Canada, Breckinridge lingered for a few weeks to receive assurance that it still applied to him even though he had not been in the U.S. when it was issued. [27] In July 1847, Breckinridge delivered an address at a mass military funeral in Frankfort to honor Kentuckians killed in the Battle of Buena Vista. [98][100] The delegates from Alabama and Louisiana – all of whom had walked out at Charleston – had been replaced with Douglas supporters from those states, leading to the nomination of Douglas and Herschel Vespasian Johnson for president and vice president, respectively. "[106], In the four-way contest, Breckinridge came in third in the popular vote, with 18.1%, but second in the Electoral College. Breckinridge carried most of the Southern states. Confederate leaders believed that Breckinridge's presence in the state could spur enlistments. We are YOUR SOURCE for the BEST in political and presidential pinbacks and badges, tokens and medals, posters and paper ephemera, textiles, ceramics, 3D and more. [168], After overseeing the transfer of Richmond, Breckinridge joined Lee's forces at Farmville, Virginia, on the night of April 5 and remained there until April 7. During those years, he observed, the Constitution had "survived peace and war, prosperity and adversity" to protect "the larger personal freedom compatible with public order." [48] During the debate on the House floor, New York's Francis B. [163] Traveling by rail to Rockfish Gap on June 10, he marched his forces into the city of Lynchburg, Virginia. Jackson, officially the City of Jackson, is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Mississippi.It is one of two county seats of Hinds County, along with Raymond, Mississippi.The city of Jackson also includes around 3,000 acres (12.1 km 2) comprising Jackson-Medgar Evers International Airport in Rankin County and a small portion of Madison County. [124] A resolution stating "Whereas John C. Breckinridge, a member of this body from the State of Kentucky, has joined the enemies of his country, and is now in arms against the government he had sworn to support: Therefore—Resolved, That said John C. Breckinridge, the traitor, be, and he hereby is, expelled from the Senate," was adopted by a vote of 36–0 on December 4. [166] Following the battle, Early decided to withdraw rather than assault the well-fortified federal capital. [45] Nicknamed the "Ashland district" because it contained Ashland, the estate of Whig Party founder Henry Clay, and much of the area Clay once represented, the district was a Whig stronghold. Born in Lexington, Kentucky in 1821, John Cabell Breckinridge was a graduate of Centre College and later Transylvania Law School in 1845. [141] Although Lewis claimed he was returning to the army at the time of his arrest, Bragg was insistent on reducing desertions by making him an example. He joined Buchanan in supporting the pro-slavery Lecompton Constitution for Kansas, which led to a split in the Democratic Party. "[178], Breckinridge rode into Abbeville, South Carolina on the morning of April 28. Claims that congressmen were expelled in 1861 for not supporting Abraham Lincoln's election are false. John C. Breckinridge …convention in the summer of 1860. [145][146] Prior to the attack, Breckinridge wrote to Preston, "if [the attack] should result in disaster and I be among the killed, I want you to do justice to my memory and tell the people that I believed this attack to be very unwise and tried to prevent it. 1849), John Witherspoon (b. [119] To avoid detainment, on September 19, 1861, he left Lexington. What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? Favorite Answer. [193] The remainder of the family journeyed to Europe, where the children attended school in Paris, Versailles, and Vevey, Switzerland. [18] Journeying westward, they considered settling on land Breckinridge had inherited in Jacksonville, Illinois, but they found the bar stocked with able men like Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. [41] Breckinridge's abolitionist uncles, William and Robert, joined with Cassius Marcellus Clay to nominate slates of like-minded candidates for the constitutional convention and the legislature. What was john breckinridge have a campaign slogan. [186] They reached the river by May 31, but as they followed its course southward, they had to drag the boat across the river's mudflats and sandbars. 1844), Clifton Rodes (b. Northrop's successor, Isaac M. St. John, improved the flow of supplies to troops in the field. [174], By late February, Breckinridge concluded that the Confederate cause was hopeless. Defending his decision during a speech in Lexington on September 5, 1860, Breckinridge explained: But it so happened that there were six or eight gentlemen also accompanying me, all of them belonging to the Whig Party, and they proposed to me that if I would not return to my own town and vote, they would not. [48], An ally of Illinois' Stephen A. Douglas, Breckinridge supported the doctrine of popular sovereignty as expressed in Douglas's Kansas–Nebraska Act. It was enough, according to Mrs. Breckinridge, "to form quite a pleasant society among ourselves. Frank Heck wrote that Breckinridge appointed "an able committee, representing every major faction. Without naval support, the Confederates were unable to hold the city. He had not been back in Kentucky since he fled eight years before. [199] He resumed his law practice, taking as a partner Robert A. Thornton, a 27-year-old former Confederate soldier. Re-crossing the Atlantic, he was reunited with his wife and all of his children except Clifton in Toronto on September 13, 1865. [133] Of the 7,000 troops under Breckinridge's command at the battle, 386 were killed and 1,628 were wounded, Breckinridge among the latter. [88] Until just days before the election, the contest was expected to be between Breckinridge and Boyd, who had been elected lieutenant governor in August; Boyd's worsening health prompted his withdrawal on November 28, 1859. [1] The fourth of six children born to Joseph "Cabell" Breckinridge and Mary Clay (Smith) Breckinridge, he was their only son. The Democrats won the election, but Breckinridge had little influence with Buchanan and, as presiding officer of the Senate, could not express his opinions in debates. John Brown [205], By 1873, Breckinridge began to experience health problems which he referred to as "pleuro-pneumonia". Answer Save. Breckinridge would draw more comparisons at the Second Battle of Kernstown, the scene of the first fight in Jackson's Valley Campaign two years earlier. [108] Bell also captured Breckinridge's home state, Kentucky. [97] Breckinridge did not attend the convention, but instructed his supporters not to nominate him as long as James Guthrie remained a candidate. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. [181] Riding southward across Georgia, they reached Milltown (now Lakeland) by May 11 and remained there for a few days. [220], A memorial to Breckinridge was placed on the Fayette County Courthouse lawn in Lexington in 1887. [69], The Whigs, seeking to recapture Breckinridge's seat, nominated Kentucky State Attorney General James Harlan, but some Whig factions opposed him, and he withdrew in March. [107] Seeking to find a compromise that would reunite the states under constitutional principles, he urged Lincoln to withdraw federal forces from the Confederate states in order to avert war. 4 35 x 42 cm. [197] He served as general counsel for the proposed Cincinnati Southern Railway, which would connect Cincinnati to Chattanooga via Lexington. [49] As Congress debated Henry Clay's proposed Compromise of 1850, the four Whigs on the Committee on Federal Relations drew up resolutions urging the Kentucky congressional delegation to support the compromise as a "fair, equitable, and just basis" for settlement of the slavery issue in the newly acquired U.S. territories. [17] Deciding that Lexington was overcrowded with lawyers, he moved to Frankfort, but was unable to find an office. [131] During the battle, his troops repulsed a powerful Union attack. [48] In addition to his legal practice, he engaged in land speculation in Minnesota territory and Wisconsin. He was urged to accept by former Confederate Colonel William Preston Johnston, who was already serving as a faculty member,[198] but Breckinridge declined. [72] He also specified that the duel should be held at Silver Spring, Maryland, the home of his friend Francis Preston Blair. [194] On January 8, 1868, the Louisville City Council instructed the state's congressional delegation to seek assurance that Breckinridge would not be prosecuted on his return. John breckinridge s campaign slogan - Although I havent yet. [116] Returning to the Senate for a special session in July, Breckinridge was regarded as a traitor by most of his fellow legislators because of his Confederate sympathies. [184] Breckinridge and Wood decided to flee to the Bahamas, but because Cabell was allergic to mosquito bites, Breckinridge told him to surrender to the nearest federal officer. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. [74] Cassius Clay, a political enemy of Letcher's for years, endorsed Breckinridge, despite their differences on slavery. [38] In 1845, some local Democrats encouraged him to seek the Eighth District's congressional seat, but he declined, supporting instead Alexander Keith Marshall, the party's unsuccessful nominee. He ran against Abraham Lincoln (Republican), John Breckinridge (Southern Democrat), and Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat). He has over 17 years of direct private equity investing experience, preceded by over 18 years of operations management. [105], On February 24, Breckinridge visited Lincoln at Willard's Hotel in Washington, D.C., and frequently thereafter he visited his cousin, now the First Lady, at the White House. [150], In late November, Breckinridge commanded one of Bragg's two corps during the Confederate defeat at the Battles for Chattanooga. [82] William Alexander Richardson, a Kentucky-born Congressman from Illinois, then suggested that nominating Breckinridge for vice president would balance Buchanan's ticket and placate disgruntled supporters of Douglas or Pierce. Professor of History at the University of Kentucky University of Kentucky, claimed that the "statues are not and have never been neutral representations of the Civil War past but instead they are embodiments of a racially charged postwar interpretation of it. Lincoln's election served as the primary catalyst of the American Civil War. [164], After Early and Breckinridge (who was now able to ride a horse) chased Hunter more than sixty miles away from the city, Lee ordered them to clear the Union forces from the Shenandoah Valley, then cross into Maryland and probe the defenses of Washington, D.C. Union forces' only serious attempt to turn back the expedition came at the Battle of Monocacy on July 9. #slogans 24-hour Trend Graph. [68] A week after his inauguration, Pierce offered Breckinridge an appointment as governor of Washington Territory. (he ran against abe lincoln in the 1860 pres election)? Seeing Breckinridge's strength on the first ballot, large numbers of delegates voted for him on the second ballot, and those who did not soon saw that his nomination was inevitable and changed their votes to make it unanimous. [162] He was still unable to walk or ride when Lee ordered him to take command of the survivors of the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Piedmont. [104] To Davis's wife, Varina, Breckinridge wrote, "I trust I have the courage to lead a forlorn hope. [152], On December 15, 1863, Breckinridge took leave in Richmond. Early life. Estimated Tweets per Hour (based on 1% Sample) Timezone: America/Chicago. [197], Many insurance companies in the south asked Breckinridge to join them in various capacities. He represented Kentucky in both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever vice president of the United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. How long will the footprints on the moon last? [42][43] Despite his endorsement of slavery protections, he was a member of the Freemasons and the First Presbyterian Church in Lexington, both of which officially opposed slavery. Senator James B. In welcome, a band played "Home Sweet Home," "Dixie," and "Hail to the Chief." John C. Breckinridge was born in 1821 and educated as a lawyer. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. [131] Upon his exit from the city, he ordered that the bridges over the James River be burned. He represented Kentucky in both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever vice president of the United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. He also composed a letter to his remaining deputies in which he disbanded the War Department. The story of John C. Breckinridgeis amongst the most tragic stories in American history. On December 12, the Assembly chose Breckinridge over Joshua Fry Bell, the defeated candidate in the August gubernatorial election, by a vote of 81–53. [26] In August, Mississippi Senator Jefferson Davis attempted to broker a compromise under which Douglas, Breckinridge, and Tennessee's John Bell, the nominee of the Constitutional Union Party, would all withdraw in favor of a compromise candidate. 1854). Date:1860. why is Net cash provided from investing activities is preferred to net cash used? For his great-grandson, the American actor, see, Confederate Army general and Vice President of the United States. [43][44], Breckinridge received 1,481 votes in the election, over 400 more than his nearest competitor, making it the first time that Fayette County had elected a Democrat to the state House of Representatives. [72] The recently adopted Kentucky Constitution prevented anyone who participated in a duel from holding elected office, and the peaceful resolution of the issue may have saved Breckinridge's political career. After participating in Jubal Early's campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley, Breckinridge was charged with defending supplies in Tennessee and Virginia. He never expressed interest in seeking such approval. [26], In special elections in June, pro-Union candidates captured 9 of 10 seats in Kentucky's House delegation. Union troops were forced to take shelter under cover of their gunboats. [137] In his official report, Bragg charged Breckinridge with drunkenness at Chattanooga and (retroactively) at Stones River. Dickinson supporters gradually changed their support to Breckinridge in order to make his nomination unanimous, and Joseph Lane of Oregon was chosen by acclamation as his running mate. 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