Hyperendemic refers to the persistent, higher levels of disease prevalence in a particular place. Hepatitis B Virus Although the infection is ubiquitous, symptoms of disease do not appear equally across age groups. Worldwide, countries are facing various public health problems but at unequal intensity. The young are more likely to express pathogenic responses, whilst the older hosts will carry the disease asymptomatically, or with reduced damage, due to adaptive immunity. with mosquito as its primary host and carrier. Prevention and Control of Locally Endemic Diseases. Malaria, however, is not endemic to Antarctica since it's not present there. But in 2019 there was an outbreak of dengue fever in Hawaii, where the disease is not endemic. For example, the disease malaria is endemic to tropical areas of the world, such as those in South America or Africa. of cases of an infectious disease above what is normally expected in a given population in a specific area. Last summer’s dengue fever outbreak in Hawaii is as an example. Low and middle-income countries are more suffering from high burden of disease than developed countries (Lopez et al., 2006). Malaria, per the CDC, is another example of an endemic disease in certain areas. It is said to originate and endemic to Africa where the environment and temperature is perfect for the disease to cultivate. ... Berry pointed to the H1N1 outbreak in 2009 as an example … This level is not necessarily the desired level, which may in fact be zero, but rather is the observed level. An endemic disease, Berry explains, is consistently present in the community, but at a stable and predictable level. Examples of major epidemics include cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malaria, and dengue fever. The term endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs. A pandemic is an epidemic of infec-tious disease that spreads through human popula-tions across a large region, multiple continents or Section 11: Epidemic Disease Occurrence Level of disease. Mosquitoes in these areas carry dengue fever and transmit it from person to person. Examples of Endemic Diseases. For example, chickenpox is endemic (steady state) in the United Kingdom, but malaria is not. Dengue fever is endemic to certain regions of Africa, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. A disease is holoendemic when essentially every individual in a population is infected. Keywords: control of endemic diseases, locally endemic diseases. 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