Earthquake title = Shaanxi earthquake date = January 23, 1556 International Association of Engineering Geology International Congress. An After Shock is a similar earthquake to the first but comes after. [1990] (1990). The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake or Huaxian earthquake (simplified Chinese: ????? The epicenter of the earthquake was in the Wei River Valley in the Shaanxi Province, near the cities of Huaxian, Weinan and Huayin. He began by ...read more. An area stretching an incredible 520 miles in diameter was largely destroyed, with minor damage extending much further. Though the quake lasted only seconds, it leveled mountains, altered the path of rivers, caused massive flooding, and ignited fires that burned for days. Days ago on January 23, 1556; a disastrous earthquake struck Shaanxi, China; it is reported that it began in the Wei River Valley and it killed tons of the locals of the 97 counties in the Shaanxi province. Deadliest earthquake in history rocks China, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/deadliest-earthquake-in-history-rocks-china. It measured more than 8 on our scale of earthquake strength, damaged parts of ten neighboring provinces in addition to the Shaanxi one, and was so strong that half of China felt its impact. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake was a very bad earthquake that occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. It happened in the northern interior of China not far from the city of Xi’an. In Huaxian, every single building and home collapsed, killing more than half the residents of the city, a number estimated in the tens of thousands. The quake struck in late evening, with aftershocks continuing through the following morning. The earthquake occured in the Shaanxi region of China in 1556. depth = NA location = Shaanxi Map of China showing Shaanxi province (red) and the other provinces affected by the earthquake (orange). The previous fall, Malcolm Clarke, an ...read more, The singer, actor, athlete and activist Paul Robeson dies at the age of 79 on January 23, 1976. The 1556 CE Huaxian earthquake resulted in an estimated 830,000 deaths and caused widespread devastation in the Weihe basin, China. In it is stated that there were three main shocks for the 1556 earthquake, occurring about 25 hours apart on the first three days of February. Omissions? According to Rong-Gong Lin II of the LA Times, to put a magnitude of 8 in perspective, an intensity 10 earthquake is extreme, … The resultant damage, across a region stretching for hundreds of miles, was extensive, and the loss of life horrific. Robeson’s physical strength, size and grace made him one of the elite sports figures of his generation, but his stature in other fields—music, theater, politics, human rights— ...read more, Darrell Lunsford, a county constable in Garrison, Texas, is killed after pulling over a traffic violator. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake or Jiajing earthquake was a catastrophic earthquake and is also the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people in China. Epi-centered in the Wei river basin in modern Shaanxi, the upheaval is estimated to have registered 8 on the Richter scale. One such struck in 1556, when Ming Dynasty China was rocked by the deadliest earthquake in human history. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake or Jiajing earthquake is the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people . ; pinyin: Huáxiàn Dàdìzhèn) or Jiajing earthquake (Chinese: ????? The Shaanxi earthquake was measured at a magnitude of 8.0 on the Richter scale. The earthquake struck on the morning of January 23, 1556, in Shaanxi, China during the rule of the Ming Dynasty. Structures toppled almost immediately and crushed those who were unfortunate to be under them. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake was a very bad earthquake that occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The earthquake also triggered landslides, which contributed to the massive death toll. The earthquake (estimated at magnitude 8) struck Shaanxi and neighbouring Shanxi province to the east early on Jan. 23, 1556, killing or injuring an estimated 830,000 people. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The “Shaanxi Earthquake” (formerly known as “Jiajing Great Earthquake”), had an estimated Moment Magnitude of 8 and had an estimated intensity of XI on the Modified Mercalli scale. Many of the casualties in the quake were people who had been crushed by falling buildings. It killed around 830,000 people, making it the worst earthquake in human history by number of deaths. Even if the number of deaths caused by the Shaanxi earthquake has been overestimated slightly, it would still rank as the worst disaster in history by a considerable margin. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake or Jiajing earthquake is the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people.. Séisme de 1556 Shaanxi - 1556 Shaanxi earthquake. On January 23, 1556, an earthquake in Shaanxi, China, kills an estimated 830,000 people. Only one month ...read more, On January 23, 1992, President George H.W. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). All Rights Reserved. From the ones we know about, the deadliest by far happened in China in 1556 A.D. On January 23 of that year, a powerful quake rocked the province of Shaanxi … His murder was remarkable because it was captured on a camera set up in Lunsford’s patrol vehicle. Bush hosts a White House reception for the U.S. women’s soccer team in honor of their recent World Cup win. It occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, China. The epicenter is located on the Wei River Valley Basin. In fact, according to History, the Shaanxi earthquake of 1556 wasn’t even close, with an estimated magnitude of 8.0–8.3. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake is the deadliest earthquake on record, having killed about 830,000 people. Most people was crushed by the falling buildings. On January 23, 1556, an earthquake in Shaanxi, China, kills an estimated 830,000 people. Proceedings. Shaanxi province earthquake of 1556, (Jan. 23, 1556), massive earthquake in Shaanxi province in northern China, believed to be the deadliest earthquake ever recorded. This massive death toll is thought to have reduced the population of the two provinces by about 60 percent. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. D&D Beyond Plus de 97 comtés dans les provinces du Shaanxi, du Shanxi, du Henan, du Gansu, du Hebei, du Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu et Anhui ont été touchés. Just better. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. To install click the Add extension button. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The videotape evidence led to the conviction of the three men who beat, ...read more, On January 23, 1920, the Dutch government refuses demands by the Allies for the extradition of Wilhelm II, the former kaiser of Germany, who has been living in exile in the Netherlands since November 1918. The earthquake (estimated at magnitude 8) struck Shaanxi and neighbouring Shanxi province to the east early on Jan. 23, 1556, Later scientific investigation revealed that the magnitude of the quake was approximately 8.0 to 8.3, which isn’t close to the strongest tremor on record. Shaanxi Earthquake of 23 January 1556, M8. More than 97 counties in the provinces of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Gansu, Hebei, Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu and Anhui were … We examine the 23 January 1556 Huaxian earthquake in Shaanxi, central China (Figure 1a), which is the deadliest in history with an estimated death toll of ~830,000, of which roughly one third were killed by primary effects of building and cave‐dwelling collapse, and of landsliding, with the remaining two thirds thought to have perished through resulting famine and disease (e.g., Hou et al., … The local records indicate that, in addition to inspiring searches for the causes of earthquakes, this particular quake led the people in the region affected to search for ways to minimize the damage caused by such disasters. After searching Google Books for “China February 1556 earthquake”, a page came up from The Travels of Mendes Pinto (Fernao Mendes Pinto, Rebecca D. Catz, University of Chicago Press, 1989). The number of casualties was enormous: modern historians estimate 820000 deaths. Final Destination The earthquake was caused by a Dip Slip Fault, a Dip Slip Fault is where a part of the earth starts sliding down The 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake. Shaanxi Earthquake 1556: Home. These annals, which record 26 other destructive earthquakes in the province, describe the destruction caused by the 1556 earthquake in a level of vivid detail that is unique among these records. {{Earthquake I like pie. The 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake (Chinese: 华县大地震; pinyin: Huà xiàn dà dìzhèn) or Jiajing earthquake (Chinese: 嘉靖大地震; pinyin: jiājìng dà dìzhèn) is the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. It is estimated that the earthquake claimed the lives of 820,000–830,000 people. That's it. The deadliest earthquake ever recorded The deadliest earthquake ever recorded hit Shaanxi on the 23rd January 1556. Serious destruction and death occurred as much as 300 miles away from the epicenter. Updates? "In the winter of 1556, an earthquake catastrophe occurred in the Shaanxi and Shanxi Provinces. Known as The Shaanxi Earthquake of 1556, the event is estimated to have caused the deaths of 830,000 people. At a graduation ceremony at a church in Geneva, New York on January 23, 1849, Geneva Medical College bestows a medical degree upon Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman in the United States to receive one. MEA100 video by Qihao Lu. [1] ; pinyin: Ji?jìng Dàdìzhèn) was a catastrophic earthquake and is also the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people.It occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the … More than 97 counties in the provinces of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Gansu, Hebei, Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu and Anhui were affected. In our Hua County, various misfortunes took place. 1556 Shaanxi earthquake. By early November 1918, things were looking dismal for the Central ...read more, Charles A. Lindbergh, a national hero since his nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic, testifies before the House Foreign Affairs Committee on the Lend-Lease policy-and suggests that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Hitler. It occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. This video is unavailable. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The earthquake caused ground fissures, uplift, subsidence, sandblows, liquefaction and landslides. In some places, the ground suddenly rose up and formed new hills, or it sank abruptly and became new valleys. The Small Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi'an, China. The deadliest earthquake on record struck Shaanxi province on the morning of 23 January 1556, at the height of the Ming Dynasty, killing 830,000 people. Rocked by the earthquake claimed the lives of 820,000–830,000 people pinyin: Huáxiàn Dàdìzhèn ) or earthquake. 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