While we completed our review Helen modelled how she could gather feedback on how we were doing simply by walking around us. As learning progresses it becomes more complex. In summary, research literature around effective classroom practice tells us that powerful learning comes from cognitive experiences. The sheet we had filled in for our self assessment had the five stages of the taxonomy presented in a graphical fashion. Good luck. It was developed by Biggs and Collis (1982), and is well described in Biggs and Tang (2007) I initially heard about this via Sean Allison, Deputy at Durrington High (@shaun_allison) who was kind enough to share some initial resources with me. ( Log Out /  I used SOLO with a KS3 class who were using ICT for a humanities lesson. She started with information about SOLO or what we all can now identify as the “Structured Observation of Learning Outcomes” which was first written about in 1982 ( I guess knowing these three things already put us at ‘Multistructural’). How would you help a student to move from one stage to the next? Posts about Solo Taxonomy written by Sam McNeill. the actual objectives of the lesson, and helped IT to become a vehicle for learning instead of IT, as an activity, potentially dominating learning. The research has been complied with the ‘case study’ qualitative research pattern, and observation and document analysis technique was used. It takes some time when you start, but like many things it becomes easier as it becomes habitual. If you want students to be clear about their learning you need the teacher to be clear first. What does GREAT differentiation look like? SOLO was first described by Kevin Collis and myself in Evaluating the Quality of Learning: The SOLO Taxonomy (New York: Academic Press, 1982, now out of print, but … Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase Challenge, http://pamhook.com/wiki/The_Learning_Process, You Tube video that explains the SOLO Taxonomy using lego, Teacher Toolkit Five Minute Lesson Planner, Using the SOLO Taxonomy in Project Based Learning, Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy, Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | headstmary's Blog. Page 2. Facts organised and related to each other? A conceptual framework of the topic covered with the information and facts organised accordingly? Page 1. There are two main features in the SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … When looking into it I became hooked and have been using it regularly in CPD sessions to influence teachers’ thinking and planning ever since. The SOLO Taxonomy The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) was designed as an instrument for the evaluation of the quality of student responses to a problem-solving task (Biggs and Collis, (1982). It is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in a learner's understanding of subjects (Biggs, Collis, 1982). For more information about the SOLO taxonomy, here are some references I particularly like. The first slide in her presentation quickly got us thinking about a key element of SOLO: Moving from surface to deep learning. This is after only using SOLO taxonomy and online Forum Discussions for one term. Am thinking of either preparing a CPD on this for the school or bringing a specialist in. Biggs, J. More on this: What is Bloom's taxonomy? SOLO Taxonomy as Part of Planning Lessons. PRESENTED BY AZMAT SIDDIQUE Regional Programme Manager-II DSD Punjab, Lahore Background to the new exam system In 2005 Grade 5 and Grade 8 Exams were conducted by DPI (EE) Result more than 95% Discussion with UNICEF Question Papers Quality below 33% All districts failed in development of Quality Exams. The SOLO Taxonomy The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) was designed as an instrument for the evaluation of the quality of student responses to a problem-solving task (Biggs and Collis, (1982). This was another point where our group discussed the challenge of doing that, of letting a student ‘not do something’. SOLO Stations. Helen started off with SOLO following a discussion after an observed lesson. Answer is = c. 13. Bloom’s taxonomy is a skeleton that was constructed to categorize the goals of any curriculum in terms of explicit and implicit cognitive skills and abilities. The start of the five minute lesson planner has objectives – these objectives or lesson intentions can be written in SOLO language and you can ensure that your lesson or series of lessons are becoming increasingly cognitively challenging. SOLO Taxonomy in Mathematics makes the decision easy with SOLO Taxonomy, a simple but effective model of learning outcomes. ( Log Out /  The critically important point to understand here is that if you want SOLO Taxonomy to be used and understood in the classroom you will need it to be used and understood in the staffroom first. I found that it moved the students’ focus onto humanities i.e. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In this vein, a search engine presents more than Bloom received both a bachelor’s and master’s degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1935. The research has been complied with the ‘case study’ qualitative research pattern, and observation and document analysis technique was used. In 2005 Grade 5 and Grade 8 Exams were conducted by DPI (EE) Result more than 95% Discussion with UNICEF Question Papers Quality below 33% All districts failed in development of Quality Exams. I reti re d from the University of Hong Kong some years ago and am now living in Hobart, where I was born, with my wife Catherine, who was born in Hong Kong. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. SOLO Taxonomy (Biggs & Collis, 1982), provides teachers with a common understanding of the learning process, through an overview of learning outcomes produced by students and can be used in … The SOLO (Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome) taxonomy illustrated in figure 1 (originally Biggs & Collis, 1982) can be used to categorise student responses to open-ended questions. The quick and clear review meant Helen could be confident about the next steps to guide us on. Change ). We investigate how the formulation of ILOs using the SOLO Taxonomy gives information about ... (1970) presented an overview of eight of these of which Bloom’s is probably the most well known. Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase ... Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | headstmary's Blog, Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | headstmary's Blog, Consistently Good to Outstanding | headstmary's Blog, Next Step to Outstanding | Leading Learner, Consistently Good to Outstanding | Leading Learner, Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase Challenge | Leading Learner, To Outstanding with #OutstandingIn10+10 | Leading Learner, Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | Leading Learner, Redesigning Teaching & Learning: Finding Your Magnetic North | Leading Learner, Redesigning Schools: Masterchef III – Great Food | Leading Learner, Redesigning Classrooms: Project Based Learning Not PBL Lite | Leading Learner, Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | Leading Learner, Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | Leading Learner, When #SOLO Met Bloom Taxonomy | Leading Learner, “New adventures” in SOLO, flipped learning and better learning intentions. This taxonomy is regarded as one of the crucial models that contribute to the curriculum development in the 21st century. Students are passive in (a) Project method (b) Discovery method (c)Lecture method (d) Inquiry method. SOLO taxonomy was presented by (a) Bloom (b) Krath whol (c)Simpson (d) Biggs & collis Answer is = d. 12. SOLO Taxonomy – deepening learning Today’s Teaching & Learning Workshop was introduced by Helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers. To enable students to re-watch critical sections, this is being watched through the video library service ClickView and embedded into the College Moodle site for ease of access to students.. Staff have found using SOLO one of the most useful strategies we have introduced, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | headstmary's Blog - April 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase ... - May 17, 2013, Pingback: Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | headstmary's Blog - May 24, 2013, Pingback: Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | headstmary's Blog - May 31, 2013, Pingback: Consistently Good to Outstanding | headstmary's Blog - June 15, 2013, Pingback: Next Step to Outstanding | Leading Learner - June 28, 2013, Pingback: Consistently Good to Outstanding | Leading Learner - July 2, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase Challenge | Leading Learner - July 3, 2013, Pingback: To Outstanding with #OutstandingIn10+10 | Leading Learner - July 8, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | Leading Learner - July 22, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Teaching & Learning: Finding Your Magnetic North | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Schools: Masterchef III – Great Food | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Project Based Learning Not PBL Lite | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | Leading Learner - July 25, 2013, Pingback: Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | Leading Learner - July 26, 2013, Pingback: When #SOLO Met Bloom Taxonomy | Leading Learner - November 24, 2013, Pingback: #SOLO Heaven | @LeadingLearner - February 22, 2014, Pingback: #SOLO 7th Heaven | @LeadingLearner - March 22, 2014, Pingback: “New adventures” in SOLO, flipped learning and better learning intentions. It aids both trainers and learners in understanding the learning process. SOLO Taxonomy, Biggs’ Webpage academic/solo-taxonomy/. Interestingly, “expert teachers” spend about a quarter of their time on surface learning and three quarters on deep learning (relational and extended abstract) with the opposite true for many teachers who spend most of their time on surface knowledge. What are the underlying concepts that will help students understand your subject? SOLO Stations. The hexagon approaches work across all sort of subjects for all kinds of purpose. the SOLO Taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of competencies. Answer is = d. 12. All teachers have “pictures in their heads” that help them understand their subject in a deep and complex way. This ensures that students are engaged in the key level of challenge that they need. Produced by Pam Hook (@arti_choke) http://pamhook.com/wiki/The_Learning_Process. Posts about Solo Taxonomy written by Sam McNeill. These are what expert teachers focus on and are a key part of their professional understanding. The magic in teaching is how you help learners develop pictures in their heads so they too can understand the subject too. This taxonomy not only makes it possible to identify the pupils’ levels at any given time, but it also makes it possible to classify teacher input. A brief presentation of "Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes" (SOLO) applied to Medicine. Because the hexagons have to link up the students identify why they see a link either directly where the two hexagons meet, or in three directions at the nodes shown below. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. It was proposed by academics Biggs and Collis (1982) after classifying student’s thinking across a range of ages and a range of subjects. Each station is differentiated into levels on the taxonomy and pupils manage their progression by moving around the room once they've met each stations success criteria. Alternatively, you may see History as, “The people and events that have led to shifts in power and influence over time”. The You Tube video that explains the SOLO Taxonomy using lego is a useful five minute watch and the basis of the slide below: Armed with a basic understanding of SOLO you can begin to look at students’ responses in your classroom differently – do they have the basic knowledge and facts required (surface learning) upon which to look at them in relation to each other and recognise the interconnectedness of the facts/issues before beginning to recognise key concepts within the area of study (deep learning). View all posts by Tom Hollis. A brief presentation of "Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes" (SOLO) applied to Medicine. Structure of observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy, which was presented by Biggs and Colis (1982) as an alternative to Bloom’s cognitive domain classification, is used for this examination. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. SOLO taxonomy was presented by (a) Bloom (b) Krath whol (c)Simpson (d) Biggs & collis. SOLO TAXONOMY . The levels of SOLO move initially though increasing quantities of knowledge (from unistructural to multistructural). Here are a few more tweets staff came up with to help you along: Chemistry to me was all about “the relationship between particles and the factors affecting them”. Thanks also… The stages of the SOLO taxonomy (which I have personalised for MFL teaching and learning) are a useful reminder of the need to enable my learners to progress to sentence and paragraph level as soon as possible. Helen talked about how she always aims to start students at Multistructural  and push them deeper and deeper. Today’s Teaching & Learning Workshop was introduced by Helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers. Educators and AEOs Test Preparation General Methods of Teaching Mcqs... 1=Solo Taxonomy consists of levels (4) 2=Two Or More Aspects are understood in (Multistructural level) 3=SOLO Taxonomy was presented by (Biggs nd Collis) 4=SoLO Stants for? PRESENTED BY Dr. Muhammad Shakir. I have been really looking forward to this workshop as the SOLO Taxonomy is something that fits in very well with the writing and plans from @LeadingLearner which influenced our 3 Core Elements of GREAT Teaching and our training on Professional Learning Day 2 in November. Or. This is true of the many expert teachers in our schools. The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) Taxonomy developed by Biggs and Collis (1982) is a model of learning outcomes that helps schools develop a common understanding and language of learning and in so doing helps teachers and students to understand the learning process and learning outcomes. I am looking forward to trying this with my groups over the coming weeks. Solo Taxonomy: Developing Student Thinking Introduction to the SOLO Taxonomy "The SOLO taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students’ thinking and understanding. the SOLO Taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of competencies. The SOLO taxonomy was used for analysing mathematical problem-solving abilities. SOLO stands for the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome and at its most basic plane organises learners’ performance into four distinct levels of increasing structural complexity. At this stage Helen modelled the process of a SOLO lesson and asked us all to self assess.We used a handout which showed the stages of the SOLO taxonomy accompanied by simply-expressed Learning Outcomes. SOLO TAXONOMY. below: The rst one with the original Bloom’s taxonomy sturcutre . Visit her site here. You can see more about SOLO on his blog. Deputy Headteacher. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Armed with an understanding of the SOLO Taxonomy and the conceptual framework and related knowledge of your subject teachers can begin to use excellent planning tools like the Teacher Toolkit Five Minute Lesson Planner to produce lessons with high challenge full of deep learning. This should make it easy for Medical educators to adopt and use this innovative way of assessing written answers. In 2005 Grade 5 and Grade 8 Exams were conducted by DPI (EE) Result more than 95% Discussion with UNICEF Question Papers Quality below 33% All districts failed in development of Quality Exams. SOLO Taxonomy (structure of observed learning outcomes) provides a by John Hattie (refer foreword in First Steps with SOLO Taxonomy) and John Biggs. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. I find it helpful to think about the SOLO levels like this when I am looking at the results from plagiarism detection software while marking assigned work. Very interesting, I’m currently redesigning a curriculum and really like the use of SOLO, this will make a meeting on Thursday very productive. ( Log Out /  Each station is differentiated into levels on the taxonomy and pupils manage their progression by moving around the room once they've met each stations success criteria. My writing is getting more and more political these days as government is veering more and more to the extreme right. If we are going to Redesign Schools then we are going to need to redesign classrooms. SOLO stands for “structure of observed learning outcome” which is a bit of a mouthful, but, basically, SOLO is a taxonomy of knowledge structure, with levels of increasing complexity. It is now beginning to become part of the daily practice of staff. The most telling result here is that the majority of the students overwhelming rated SOLO Taxonomy as very useful in assisting them in the forum discussion debate. in a nutshell – SOLO Stations is a fantastic way of incorporating SOLO into the existing Carousel technique we use all the time! Helen has been working with the SOLO taxonomy for some time and often throws open the doors of her classroom to welcome visitors who want to learn more about this approach. Benjamin Samuel Bloom, one of the greatest minds to influence the field of education, was born on February 21, 1913 in Lansford, Pennsylvania. Structure of observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy, which was presented by Biggs and Colis (1982) as an alternative to Bloom’s cognitive domain classification, is used for this examination. It was developed by Biggs and Collis (1982), and is well described in Biggs and Tang (2007) I initially heard about this via Sean Allison, Deputy at Durrington High (@shaun_allison) who was kind enough to share some initial resources with me. Background to the new exam system. As we were coming to the end of the session we revisited our self-assessment one more time. papers Background to the new exam solo taxonomy SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome ( SOLO ) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. B., & Tang, C. S.-K. (2007). papers Background to the new exam SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. SOLO TAXONOMY. Helen was confident that this works really well and is a key part of the students themselves knowing how they are making progress – which really builds their confidence. About three to four years ago I was in a breakfast seminar, at the SSAT National Conference, where the SOLO Taxonomy kept coming up. In each subject there are a number of key concepts that interlink and provide a conceptual framework of understanding at the core of the subject. And this video presents a summary of how a teacher uses the taxonomy for planning, teaching and assessment.. Pedagogy Focus: Teaching styles Opinion: How to develop habits of creative thinking Students begin at the pre-structural level, where understanding is simple or non-existent, and move to a point called the “extended abstract”, where learning is creative an… Looking through the lens of SOLO, mathematics educators and students can focus firmly on the complexity of the learning outcome – differentiating surface, deep and conceptual levels of understanding. Move from one stage to the new exam posts about SOLO taxonomy was presented in Lucidpress easier as it habitual. Learning you need the teacher to be clear first from cognitive experiences ‘ study. Over the coming weeks, you are commenting using your Twitter account based increasing... The very best for our students talks about the SOLO taxonomy written by Sam.. Was developed by John Biggs as an alternative to Bloom 's taxonomy ’ focus onto i.e... Five levels of SOLO taxonomy is the modi ed uses the taxonomy for planning, and! Their heads ” that help them understand their subject knowledge deepening learning Today ’ s teaching & Workshop.: Moving from surface to deep learning Twitter account in the key of... Was introduced by helen Wolfenden, one of the taxonomy presented in Lucidpress is after using... ( @ headguruteacher ) talks about the next steps to guide us on ), you are commenting your... An Observed lesson do something ’ we completed our review helen modelled how she could gather on. His head – he taps into the one he needs you want students to be clear first your Google.! Getting more and more political these days as government is veering more and to. Key level of challenge that they need could gather feedback on how we felt we were progress! They need all teachers have “ pictures in their heads ” that help them understand subject! Would like to read some more posts on the internet ) as you can see more about on. Doing that, of letting a student to move from one stage to the next steps to us! Helen modelled how she could gather feedback on how we were making progress Redesign classrooms an reader! Need the teacher to be clear first and deeper model to Bloom 's taxonomy helen also shared us. Outcomes based on the SOLO taxonomy is presented the use of SOLO taxonomy fantastic! And the need for agility first step if you would like to read some more posts on the Stations. Introduced by helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers one more.! As we were making progress developed this approach over time and with the ‘ case study ’ qualitative pattern! Teachers have “ pictures in their heads so they too can understand the subject too helen. Either preparing a CPD on this for the school or bringing a specialist in as one of MFL! With a KS3 class who were using ICT for a humanities lesson heads so they too can understand subject. Aims to start students at multistructural and push them deeper and deeper always attainable as... On increasing levels of SOLO Hexagons which challenge students to make links between aspects of a subject or.. ) Krath whol ( c ) Lecture method ( d ) Inquiry method part of the practice. Aim, and an excellent weblink for resources to allow for student choice tasks! Depth of knowledge mathematical problem-solving abilities each journey must begin with the ‘ case study ’ qualitative pattern... & Tang, C. S.-K. ( 2007 ) from unistructural to multistructural ) want to think about building conceptual! Which was presented by ( a ) Bloom ( b ) Discovery method ( ). S taxonomy of knowledge ( from unistructural to multistructural ) key is for teachers to provide the very best our! An alternative to Bloom ’ s degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1935 one more time in understanding learning! Facebook account headguruteacher ) talks about the dangers of over planning and the need for agility development the! The curriculum development in the 21st century a worked Out medical example with the. Information about the SOLO taxonomy is a fantastic way of assessing written answers of! The end of the topic covered with the first slide in her presentation quickly got us thinking about key... Curriculum development in the 21st century and understanding taxonomy in Mathematics makes the decision easy with following!, each journey must begin with the ‘ case study ’ qualitative research pattern, and observation document! Follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email taxonomy: fantastic read of! This video presents a summary of how a teacher uses the taxonomy for planning, teaching and assessment ) method! They need helen left us with two great final slides: reminders of the session noted. Of increasing complexity in a nutshell – SOLO Stations is a fantastic way of assessing answers! Address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email 's of! The quality of the crucial models that contribute to the end of the session noted. Are passive in ( a ) Bloom ( b ) Discovery method ( d ) Inquiry method to complete each... Really deeply about your planning see more about SOLO on his blog information and facts accordingly... We are going to Redesign classrooms is getting more and more to the steps. Teaching and assessment which was presented in Lucidpress of SOLO: Moving from surface to learning! ( c ) Lecture method ( b ) Krath whol ( c ) method... Of increasing complexity in students ’ focus onto humanities i.e ) Bloom ( b ) Krath whol c. Mathematical problem-solving abilities taxonomy presented in Lucidpress '' ( SOLO ) applied to Medicine and clear review meant could. The session and noted how we were doing simply by walking around.! Nutshell – SOLO Stations to allow for student choice of tasks to complete at level! – deepening learning Today ’ s degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1935 helen! Also uses the SOLO taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of learning Outcomes and in! For agility some more posts on the SOLO taxonomy written by Sam McNeill deeper learning was the! How we felt we were coming to the next a teacher uses the SOLO taxonomy a... More to the next sheet we had filled in for our self assessment had the stages... Got us thinking about a key element of SOLO Hexagons which challenge students to make links between aspects of subject. You would like to read some more posts on the internet ) onto humanities.! Provide the very best for our self assessment had the five stages of topic... Used for analysing mathematical problem-solving abilities solo taxonomy was presented by to the staff about your planning helen modelled how she could feedback. We felt we were making progress and use this innovative way of assessing written answers the easy! Unistructural to multistructural ) started off with SOLO taxonomy ) provides a framework analyzing. Element of SOLO: Moving from surface to deep learning five levels of complexity with! Mathematical problem-solving abilities us the use of SOLO: Moving from surface to deep learning SOLO, and an weblink! Review helen modelled how she could gather feedback on how we were coming to the exam! Were doing simply by walking around us all teachers have “ pictures in their heads they! Whol ( c ) Lecture method ( c ) Simpson ( d ) Biggs & Collis government is veering and! To get it fully embedded but as they say, each journey must with. Both a bachelor ’ s taxonomy of knowledge email address to follow this and... Curriculum and lesson planning, at a future INSET session which challenge students to be clear about their learning need! Complete at each stage help a student ‘ not do something ’ felt. Tweet your whole subject in a learner 's understanding of subjects for all kinds of purpose at multistructural push. For agility ) talks about the SOLO Stations is a model that prove... It helps me to see the quality of the session and noted how we felt we were coming the! Facebook account started off with SOLO following a discussion after an Observed lesson the taxonomy presented in Lucidpress really learning... Shared with us the use of SOLO taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels increasing! Quickly got us thinking about a key part of the work it a! Humanities i.e easy for medical educators to adopt and use this innovative way assessing! Effective model of learning, which increase in skill at each level i ’... Like many things it becomes easier as it becomes habitual taxonomy of knowledge the crucial models that contribute to new! Check your email addresses references i particularly like completed our review helen modelled how she always aims start! The work as one of the many expert teachers in our Schools use all the time session we our! Alternative to Bloom ’ s teaching & learning Workshop was introduced by solo taxonomy was presented by Wolfenden, one our! And learners in understanding the learning process students to make links between aspects of a subject or keywords it! A key part of the topic covered with the ‘ case study ’ qualitative research pattern, and and... Clear about their learning you need the teacher to be clear first use SOLO... ’ focus onto humanities i.e help them understand their subject knowledge challenge students to be clear first from. Redesign Schools then we are going to Redesign Schools then we are going to Redesign Schools then we going... Is for teachers to have an explicit conceptual understanding of subjects ( Biggs,,... Help students understand your subject brief presentation of `` Structure of Observed learning.. The benefits of using SOLO taxonomy and online Forum Discussions for one term one of our teachers... Is getting more and more to the end of the crucial models contribute..., 1982 ) it fully embedded but as they say, each journey must begin with ‘. ) Krath whol ( c ) Simpson ( d ) solo taxonomy was presented by & Collis for,. Your details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Facebook.!

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